Kenneth B. Clark
Kenneth Bancroft Clark and Mamie Phipps Clark, were African-American psychologists who as a married team conducted important research among children and were active in the Civil Rights Movement.
They founded the Northside Center for Child Development in Harlem and the organization Harlem Youth Opportunities Unlimited. Kenneth Clark also was an educator and professor at City College of New York, and first Black president of the American Psychological Association.
They were known for their 1940s experiments using dolls to study children’s attitudes about race.